"Shroud of Turin" in the book, the famous "Voynich manuscript" 15th century is considered to be of the most mysterious texts ever found, which for centuries resisted any attempts to decipher yourself. The fact is that similar as in the manuscript writing is not found anywhere else. In addition to the countless attempts to decode been made more than 25 attempts to analyze the text by the best brains of the planet, which also failed. This has led some to conclude that the manuscript is probably just a sophisticated hoax. After all, even the images in this "medieval" manuscript - a puzzle. One can assume that this book - a typical 20th century cultural studies play. But scientists suspect that the Voynich manuscript - "a story that probably we'll never know."
A new study published in the journal «Plos One», suggests that the manuscript does contain a certain message, and may have been written with the purpose to conceal important information. The main conclusion of the researchers, "the text is written in an artificial language, which has a clear logical structure."
According to unconfirmed reports radiocarbon dating, the book was written between 1404 and 1438 years.
The book is a volume of 240 pages, which is written by an unknown language, and has lots of illustrations depicting astronomical, biological, cosmological, botanical and pharmaceutical topics was discovered in 1912 by the American Pole Wilfrid M. Voynich. Bibliophile and collector of historical manuscripts from Kaunas (now Lithuania) was the husband of the famous writer Ethel Lilian Voynich, author of the famous novel in the USSR "Gadfly" about Italians revolt against the Austrian invaders).
At the book is half obliterated inscription - it can be seen in the ultraviolet - Jacob Tepenets (1575-1622).
Multiple studies have shown that an unknown language of the manuscript, now kept in the Library of Rare Books Beyneke Yale University. has similarities with existing languages, and the latest results reinforce the hypothesis that the text does have a meaningful words and messages.
Theoretical physicist Marcelo Montemarro the University of Manchester, UK, has spent on the analysis of linguistic patterns of the manuscript for many years and am confident that closer to unraveling its mysteries. With computer statistical method for studying patterns of arrangement of words, Dr. Mantemarro and his colleagues found evidence that having some sense of the words are found in clusters of the text where they are needed as part of a written message. More or less, based semantic network shown, those words have a common structural properties - and this is the pattern that is observed in known languages.
After processing the electronic version of the 240-page text of the methods of information theory, scientists have found a cluster of words that carry meaning?
According to Dr. Montemarro these patterns suggest that the Voynich manuscript is not a hoax. "Now the manuscript is not so easy to dismiss as meaningless set of words, as it demonstrates a significant linguistic structured," he says. It is unlikely that these patterns were deliberately included in the text as part of the drawing, such as knowledge of linguistic structures at the time of the manuscript existed.
As for the meaning of the text, it is still unsolved. According to Craig Bauer, author of the book "The Secret History: The history of cryptology," manuscript may contain some important message. Initially, Dr. Bauer believed Voynich manuscript hoax, but recent findings have forced him to change his mind, and now he and Dr. Montemarro similar in their position: "For the manuscript is really a kind of story that we may never know."
Researchers believe that in this strange book about plants may be hiding recipe for eternal youth.
says Gordon Rugg, a professor at Keele University (UK). - This similarity of the statistical characteristics, but does not like, in principle, already seen quite a while. " Rugg says that any text-mystification, obeying the laws of normal language, no problem you can make, without giving it any special meaning. Moreover, he even invented such a text, a sort voynichevskoy "Glock Kuzdra" that once "Steck budlanula bokra and kurdyachit bokrenka."
Voynich manuscript was revealed to the public in an age of great scientific fraud - in the first quarter of the 20th century. To date, the great historical falsifications presumably include Phaistos disk piltdaunsky Cherp and some other strange discoveries. Many suspected Voynich himself and that he had fabricated the manuscript. As a trader antique books, he could have the necessary knowledge and skills, and the "lost book" Bacon could have a high cost. Recent studies have discarded this hypothesis. But perhaps this book - a typical 20th century cultural studies play. Not surprisingly, if it turns out that this is supposedly a hoax created by the former revolutionary underground worker, a lover of ciphers and a married man, forced to look to the United States livelihood. However, perhaps the "Voynich Manuscript" was created and the first ever of its owner or to his order: it was George Baresch (Georg Baresch), an alchemist who lived in Prague in the early XVII century. For alchemists such manuscripts were not such a rarity, it was more of their culturogical game.
There are a few examples of what the Voynich manuscript influenced, at least indirectly, on some samples of popular culture. For example, the document is inspired by Italian architect and industrial designer Luigi Serafini in the creation of the book Codex Seraphinianus. This book of 360 pages is a fictional world encyclopedia, written by "unknown language" and contains a surreal, colorful illustrations.
In the work of HP Lovecraft is the book "Necronomicon". Despite the fact that Lovecraft probably did not know about the Voynich manuscript, Colin Wilson (born Colin Wilson) published in 1969, the story "The Return Loigora", where the character discovers that the Voynich manuscript - it's unfinished "Necronomicon".
Contemporary composer Hanspeter Kyburz (Hanspeter Kyburz) wrote a short piece of music based on the Voynich manuscript, read it as part of the musical score.
In the science-fiction novel by Dan Simmons "Olympus" (2007) is a French scientist Henri Delacour created the first workable model of a time machine, based on the technology bubble Alcubierre, to go back to 1478 and meet the creator of the Voynich manuscript. The experiment gets out of control, and the false vacuum, break out of the cocoon of the power machine begins to destroy everything.
Drawings and font resembling the Voynich manuscript, can be seen in the movie "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" (English Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade).
The plot of «Il Romanzo Di Nostradamus» Evandzhelisti Valerio (Valerio Evangelisti) is the Voynich manuscript as a composition of black magic adepts, from which the famous French astrologer Nostradamus fought all his life.
In the computer game-style quest "Broken Sword 3: The Sleeping Dragon" (English Broken Sword III: The Sleeping Dragon) Publisher DreamCatcher text of the Voynich manuscript decrypts the hacker, who then killed neotampliery because the manuscript includes information about the places on earth that have "geomantic energy."
In the strip «Voynich Manuscript» (translation) of the web comic xkcd manuscript is the leadership role-playing game. Voynich manuscript has played a key role in the novel "After the Exodus," Harry Veda. It turns out that manuscript is the key to time travel.